One of the founding members of the Wiener Aktionismus (Viennese Actionism) art movement, Hermann Nisch, born in Vienna in 1938, is also one of the most prolific members of the group.  Hermann Nisch is particularly interested in expressionism and religious art, following his academic training.  Noted as a master of Austrian performance, the continuously active artist presents a total art with sensuality: limitless, Dionysian and demonic.  His mastery of many media (visual arts, theater, music, etc.) expresses his system of values, at once spiritual, philosophic, aesthetic, and social, all taking part in his larger artwork.


Born in 1938, Vienna, Austria. Lives and works in Vienna.

Inauguration: Nitsch Foundation (par Fondazione Morra, O.M. Theater), Vienna, Austria.

Inauguration: Museo Archivio Laboratorio Per Le Arti Contemporanee Hermann Nitsch Napoles, Italy.

Inauguration: Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.

The idea of the Orgien Myterien Theater, consisting of six days of festivities, which continues until today to occupy full time and to bring all the artistic aspirations together.

Diploma at the Institution of Graphic Arts


- Reliques de 152ème action, Museo Nitsch, Naples, Italy.
- Hermann Nitsch : pittura, fotografia, disegni, Milan, Italy.
- Hermann Nitsch – La vie et le travail, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch 80, Fondation Nitsch, Vienna, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch – L’œuvre d’art totale, Lechner Museum, Ingolstadt, Germany.
- Hermann Nitsch, Marc Straus Gallery, New York, USA.
- Hermann Nitsch, Albertina, Vienna, Austria.
- Nitsch : Spaces of Color, Albertina, Vienna, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch. Galerie Elisabeth and Klaus Thoman, Innsbruck, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch, Richard Koh Fine Art, Singapore.

- Hermann Nitsch, Gallery 442 margund Iösel, Gmunden, Austria.
- Ausstellung Hermann Nitsch, memorial against the war, Osthaus Museum, Hagen, Germany.
- Hermann Nitsch, RX Gallery, Paris, France.
- Hermann Nitsch – life and work, Nitsch Museum, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch, Kurhaus, Hinterzarten, Germany. 
- Hermann Nitsch, Massimo de Carlo Gallery, London, UK.
- Hermann Nitsch - Solo Presentation, Marc Straus Gallery, Armory Show, New York, USA.
- Hermann Nitsch – paintings 1957-2017, Büro Weltausstellung, Vienna, Austria.

- Hermann Nitsch and his artistic pilgrimage, Um Museum, Bongdam hawseong, South Korea; CIAC Museum, Foligno, Italy; Laga Contemporary Art, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- Hermann Nitsch–das druckgrafische work, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria; Kunsthalle Arlberg 1800, St. Anton Am Arlberg, Austria; Marc Straus Gallery, New York, USA.

- Feast of Existence. Hermann Nitsch and the Theatre, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich, Germany.
- Posters from 5 Decades, Daniel Löwenbrück, Berlin, Germany.
- Paintings, Drawings, Print, Fred Jahn Gallery, Munich, Germany.
- Hermann Nitsch Passion – Resurrection, Nitsch Foundation, Vienna, Austria.
- Arena –opere dall’opera, Museo Nitsh, Naples, Italy.
- Rituals, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch, Galerie 422, Gmunden, Austria.

- Das o.m. theater, Zac Palermo, Italy.
- Existenzfest. Hermann nitsch und das theater, Theatermuseum Wien, Vienna, Austria.
-12 works on Paper, Thoman Gallery, Innsbruck, Austria.

- Aktionsmalerei, Dirimart, Istanbul, Turkey.
- New York 2011, Nitsch Foundation, Vienna, Austria.
- Arena–Opera Dell’opera, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Malaktionismus, Museo Nitsch, Napoli, Italy.
- Das orgien mysterien theater, Danubiana Meulensteen Art Museum, Bratislava, Slovakia.
- Carne e luce, Fondazione Ducci, Rome, Italy.
- Hermann Nitsch, Culture Industries Association, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
- Maculations, Nitsch Foundation, Vienna, Austria.

- Sinne Und Sein – Retrospektive, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.
- World Metamorphosis, NitschFfoundation, Vienna, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch, Studio Morra, Italy; Alnitak Art Agency, Berlin, Germany; Art Berlin Contemporary, Berlin, Germany.
- Performance Photography – 1960 to 1979, Nitsch Foundation, Vienna, Austria.

- Utopie Gesamtkunstwerk im 21er haus, Vienna, Austria ; Levitikus, Innsbruck/Vienna, Austria ; Kunstkulturkirche, Frankfurt, Germany ; Thoman Modern, Innsbruck, Austria ; 5 Jahre Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Explosing Painting as Action, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden.
- Hermann Nitsch Personale, Museum Moderner Kunst Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch : Aus Dem Gesamtkunstwerk, Walker Gallery, Schloss Ebenau, Feistritz im Rosental, Austria.
- In Vivo Hermann Nitsch, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France; Galerie 422 Margund Lössl, Gmunden, Austria.
- Explosion Painting as Action, Fundació Joan Miro, Barcelona, Spain.
- A Bigger Splash: Painting After Performance Art, Tate Modern, London, UK.

- Solo show, Frühere Werke Aus Der Duerckheim Collection, Mzm, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Hermann Nitsch, Leopold Museum, Vienna, Austria.

- Solo show, Stella Art Foundation, Moscow, Russia.

- Exposition d’inauguration de Nitsch Foundation, Künstlerhaus, Vienna, Austria; Kavernen, Salzburg, Austria; De Pont Museum Tilburg, Netherlands ; Incubate Festival in Tilburg, Netherlands; GAM, Turin, Italy; Dirimart, Istanbul, Turkey.
- First representation Egyptian symphony, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.

- Inauguration Exhibition of Museo Archivio Laboratorio Per Le Arti Contemporee Hermann Nitsch, Naples, Italy.

- Exhibition, White Space Gallery, Bejing, China; Mike Weiss Gallery, New York, USA.
- Retrospective, Martin-Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany.

- The Triumph of Painting, Saatchi & Saatchi, London, UK.

- Retrospective, Essl Museum, Klosterneuburg, Austria.

- Festspielhaus, St. Pölten, Austria.

- Exhibition, Relict installations et video documentation de 100th action : 6-days-play, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, Austria; Stifftung ludwig, Palais Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein ; Vienna, Austria; Kiscelli Museum, Budapest, Hungary.

- Museum Moderner Kunst Stiffung Wörlen, Passau, Germany; Palazzo Delle Esposizioni, Rome, Italy ; Centre d’Exposicions I Documentació de L’art Contemporani, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

- Exhibition, Kunsthalle Krems, Krems an der Donau, Austria.

- Exhibition, National Gallery, Prague, Czech Republic.

- Exhibition, National Gallery, Seville, Spain.

- Exhibition, Calleria Civica di Arte Contemporanea, Trieste, Italy.

- Exhibition, Stedelijk Van-Abbe Museum, Eindhoven, Netherlands.


- Opera as the World: The Quest for a Total Work of Art, Centre Pompidou-Metz, France.
- Intriguing Uncertainties, Parkview Green Museum, Beijing, China.
- Hermann Nitsch/Julian Schabel, Galerie Elisabeth and Klaus Thoman, Vienna, Austria.
- Anne Frank: Holocaust Diaries, Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center, Moscow, Russia.
- EXPO Chicago, Galerie RX, Chicago, USA.

- Hermann Nitsch/ Elgar Esser/ Lee Bae/ Bae Bien-u, RX Gallery, Paris, France.

- Psycho Drawing. Art brut und die 60er und 70er in österreich, Lentos Kunstmuseum, Linz, Austria.
- Germischter satz Hermann Nitsch und Vroni Schwegler, Verein für Originalradierung, Munich, Germany.

- Crocifissi-kreuzigungen, Françis Bacon – Hermann Nitsch – Concetto Pozzati, Galerie 422, Gmunden, Austria.
- Body, Psyche and Taboo, Palazzo Montanari, Bologna, Italy.
- Closed Universe? New Forms of Vienna Actionism in Contemporary Art?, Mumok, Vienna, Austria.
- Synästhesieraum (permanent exhibition), Galerie Martinetz, Cologne, Germany.
- Feast of Pentecost, Museum villa Stuck, Munich, Germany.

- Allegories & Existence, Summerhall Edinburgh, UK.
- Sleepess, 21er haus – Museum for Contemporary Art, Vienna, Austria.
- Vienna for Art’s Sake, Winterpalais, Vienna, Austria.
- My Body is the Event, Mumok, Vienna, Austria.

- Made in Austria, Sammlung Essl, Klosterneuburg, Austria.
- I’m dialog-wiener aktionismus, Museum der Moderne Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
- Biennale di Disegno, Rimini, Italy.

- Personal Structures, Palazzo Bembo, Venice, Italy.
- La perversión de lo clásico : anarquía de los relatos, Museo Archeologico, Naples, Italy ; Cuba pavillon, Seville, Spain.
- 55th Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy.
- Flesh and Blood, Museum on the Seam, Jerusalem, Israel.
- Faces Past and Present, Ernst Museum, Budapest, Hungary.
- Seeing Wagner, K.u.k. post-and Telegraphenamt, Vienna, Austria.
- Ernesto Balducci and the ‘Mass of the Artists’, Fondazione Ernesto Balducci, Palazzo Medici Ricardi, Florence, Italy.
- Duetto per Napoli (attersee e nitsch), Castel Dell’ovo, Naples, Italy.

- Blood lines, Museum of Contemporary Art Denver, Colorado, USA.
- Obsession and Intimacy: the Body in Contemporary Austrian drawings- from Alfred Kubin to Birgit Jürgenssen, B&M Theocharakis Foundation, Athens, Greece.
- Group show, Eroi/Gam, Turin, Italy.
- Personal Structures, Palazzo Bembo, Venice, Italy.

- Personal Structures. Time – Space – Existence, Masterpieces from the Duerckheim collection, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Exhibition of drawings, Cabinet des dessins, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Naples, Italy; Musée d’art moderne, St. Etienne, France.
- New Museum installation, Museum Hermann Nitsch, Naples, Italy.


- Pfingstfest (Feast of Pentecost), Prinzendorf, Vienne, Austria.
- 150th action, Dark Mofo Festival, Hobart, Austria.
- 151th action for the film on vladirmir mayakovsky, Prinzendorf, Vienna, Austria.
- 151th action, Casa Morra, Naples, Italy.

- 147th Auction, Museum, Mistelbach, Austria.

- Inauguration’s action, Theatermuseum Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
- Feast of Pentecost, Prinzendorf, Vienna, Austria.

- 142nd action, Feast of Pentecost, Prinzendorf castle, Vienna, Austria.
- 77 painting performance, Galerie Thoman, Vienna, Austria.

- 138th action : 3-days-play, Centraltheater Leipzig, Germany.
- 140th action (teaching action), Abc berlin, Berlin, Germany.
- 66th painting action, Istanbul Contemporary, Istanbul, Turkey.
- 141st action (teaching action), Nitsch foundation, Vienna, Austria.

- 135th action Hanava, Cuba.
- 64th painting performance, Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea, Mart Rovereto, Rovereto, Italy.

- 131th teaching action, Leo könin Inc, New York, USA.
- 60th painting action, Mike Weiss Gallery, New York, USA.

- 130th action, Künstlerhaus Bregenz, Austria; Pentecost Feast, Austria.

- 56th painting performance, Hermann Nitsch Museum, Mistelbach, Austria.

- 20th painting action, Hermann Nitsch Museum, Mistelbach, Austria.

- 122th action, Burgtheart, Vienna, Austria.

- 120th action: 2-day-play, Prinzendorf, Austria.

- 115th action, Essl Museum, Klosterneuburg, Austria.

-110th lehraktion (teaching action), Whitechapel art Gallery, London, UK.

-107th action, Prinzendorf, Austria.

- 6-days-play, Prinzendorf, Austria.

- 40th painting performance, Museum of the 20th century, Berlin, Germany ; Vienna, Austria ; Kunsthallen, Gothenburg, Sweden.

- 96th action, San Martino, Naples, Italy.
- 38th painting performance, Schömerhaus, Klosterneuburg, Austria.

- 20th painting performance, Wiener secession, Vienna, Austria.

- 80th action: 3-days-play, Prinzendorf, Austria.

- 50th action: 24-hours, Prinzendorf, Austria.

- 40th action: 12-hour-action, the Mercer art center, New York, USA.

- Aktionen, New York, USA; Munich, Germany; Cologne, Germany.

- 25th, 26th action, New York, USA.
- 26th action, University of Cincinnati, USA.

- 20th action, Vienna, Austria.

- 1st Aktion, Vienna, Austria.


- Traubenfleisch 2007-2017, Nitsch Museum, Mistelbach, Austria.
- Orgelkonzert, Marc Straus Gallery, New York, USA.
- Orgelkonzert Bern, Saint Ghetto Festival, Bern, Switzerland; Heiliggeistkirche, Heidelberg, Germany.

- Orgelkonzert Berlin, Epiphanienkirche, Berlin, Germany.
- Orgelkonzert Brussels, Begijnkerk, Brussels, Belgium.
- Chamber Concert for Action 147, Museum villa Stuck, Munich, Germany.
- String quartet, Nitsch Foundation, Vienna, Austria.

- Sinfónia für Mexico City, Ex Teresa Arte Actual, Mexico City, Mexico.

- Selten gehörten music, Theater Casino Zug, Zug, Switzerland; Musikakademie Basel, Switzerland.

- Strichquinteet “1938”, Nitsch Foundation, Vienna, Switzerland.
- Leipzig symphony, Centralitheater, Leipizg, Germany.
- Composition for organ, Jesuitenkirche, Vienna, Austria.
- Duetto per napoli (attersee/nitsch), Teatrino di Corte, Naples, Italy.

- Sinfonie for 100 pianists and 33 pianos and 1 synthesizer/ Tag der tausend finger, Ö Kulturquartier, Linz, Austria.

- Organ Concert, Mozarteum Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

- Nitsch quintett, Musée d’art moderne, St. Etienne, France.


- Video Presentation (extended version in several venues, 6-day-play), Los Angeles, USA; Portikus, Germany; Frankfurt et Mönchengladbach, Germany.

- First representation, 8 symphonies, Museum Für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna, Austria.

- First representation, 8 symphonies, Museum Für Angewandte Kunst, Vienna, Austria.



- Set and costume design by Hermann Nitsch for Saint François d’Assise by Olivier Messiaen, Bayerische Staatsoper, Munich, Germany.

- Set and costume design for szenen aus goethes faust by Robert Schumann, Opera House, Zurich, Switzerland.

- Set and costume design, Opera Satyagraha by Philip Glass.

- Set and stage direction for the Opera Hérodiade by Jules Massenet, Opera House, Vienna, Austria.

- Participation in Documenta 7, Kassel, Germany.

- Participation in Documenta 5, Kassel (curated by Harald Szeemann), Germany.



Award of the Grossen Österreichischen Staatspreis, Station Museum of Contemporary Art, Houston, USA.



- MoMA, New York, USA.
- Guggenheim Collection, New York, USA.
- Metropolitan Museum, New York, USA.
- Yale University Museum, New Haven, USA.
- Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA.
- Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.
- Saint Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
- Hudson Valley Center for Contemporary Art, Peekskill, New York, USA.
- Tang, Saratoga Springs, New York, USA.
- Station Museum of Contemporary Art, Houston, Texas, USA.
- Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada.
- Tate Modern, London, UK.
- Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
- Stedelijk van abbe museum, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
- Stedelijk museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- Castello di Rivoli, Rivoli, Italy.
- Gam, Turin, Italy.
- Museo Capodimonte, Naples, Italy.
- Museo Nitsch, Naples, Italy.
- Galleria d´arte moderna, Bologna, Italy.
- Mart, Rovereto, Italy.
- MAR - Museo d’Arte della città di Ravenna, Ravenna, Italy.
- Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany.
- Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany.
- Nationalgalerie Berlin, Germany.
- Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany.
- Staatsgemäldesammlung Munich, Germany.
- Museum Brandhorst, Munich, Germany.
- Graphische Sammlung, Munich, Germany.
- Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany.
- Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany.
- Museum Neue Galerie, Sarrebruck, Germany.
- Schloss Moorsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany.
- Galerie für Zeitgenössishe Kunst, Leipzig, Germany.
- Kunstmuseum Bern, Berne, Switzerland.
- Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland.
- Mumok, Vienna, Austria.
- Albertina, Vienna, Austria.
- Österreichische Gallery Belvedere, Vienna, Austria.
- Leopold Museum, Vienna, Austria.
- Lentos, Linz, Austria.
- Rupertinum, Salzbourg, Austria.
- Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, Austria.
- Sammlung Essl, Klosterneuburg, Austria.
- Nitsch Museum, Mistelbach, Austria.